Shaanxi Province is one of the most important cradles of ancient Chinese civilization. As far back as one million years ago, some of China's earliest inhabitants lived in this region, and began spreading their culture along the life-sustaining Yellow River. Throughout the province's long history, there are 13 dynasties who established capitals here, including the Zhou, the Qin, the Han, and the Tang. For centuries, the Chinese Empire was governed from this location, and Chang'an remained largely its political hub up until the end of the Tang dynasty around 900 AD. Although the capital would thereafter move eastwards, by this time the Chinese had already established themselves as one of the great world civilizations of antiquity. Also, it was the "cradle" of Chinese revolution and it was from Shaanxi that Chinese Communist Party and Chairman Mao Zedong led Chinese revolution for 13 years. Many revolutionary sites are preserved in Yan'an, a sacred revolutionary place.
Because of this rich history, cultural relics and ruins are plentiful, and may be found preserved both above - and underground. So Shaanxi is called the 'authentic history museum' in China. Examples of this exceptional storehouse of history are :- The Terracotta Warriors of Qin Dynasty which is one of the Eight Wonders of the world and the Famen Temple which houses the Sakyamuni Buddha’s finger bone and Xi'an’s ancient city wall is renowned at home and abroad.
And it is also abundant in natural beauty beyond its rich historical legacy. As one of the five best-known mountains in China, Mt. Huashan is famous for its breath-taking cliffs and awe-inspiring landscape. The Hukou waterfall on Yellow River, the second biggest one in China, is very overbearing and magnificent.
Shaanxi is both a base area of Chinese new-democratic revolution and a place with unique folk customs. For Red Army fanatics, a trip to the hillside area of Yan'an, where the Communist Party established their new headquarters after the historic Long March, makes for an interesting diversion. The loud resounding Shaanxi opera, the joyous clattering of gongs and drums, the exquisite cut - paper art and the peasants' paintings full of a rich flavor of life attract more and more tourists' attention from home and abroad.
Xi’an City: there remain vestiges that still speak of the city's former greatness as a former center of the Chinese universe. The walled city and narrow streets of the city hearken back to a time when the city was the terminus of the Silk Road. The city's most famous attraction though is also one of the great archaeological finds of the 20th century: the Terracotta Army. This impressive exhibit of imperial might and audacity contains over 8,000 life-size terracotta warriors and horses, constructed more than two thousand years ago to stand guard over the tomb of the emperor Qin Shihuang. No visit to Xi'an, or to China for that matter, should be considered complete without at least a stop here.
Tours in Shaanxi
China Valuable Tour
9 days Ancient and Modern cities Tour
12 days Best selected China Tour
12 days of China Culture and Religious Research Tour